Tag Archives: Lars T. Lih

NOW AVAILABLE: Head to Head in Halle

Head to Head in Halle

Ben Lewis & Lars T. Lih, Zinoviev and Martov: Head to Head in Halle (2011)

“We are on the field of battle. The audience in the hall is divided in two sections: it is as if a knife has cut them sharply in two. Two parties are present.”

Zinoviev’s four hour speech to the Halle congress of the USPD is both one of the great forgotten orations of the 20th century and a turning point in the history of the German workers’ movement. Now it is (finally!) available in English – along with Julius Martov’s rejoinder – with a wealth of supplementary material. Essential reading.

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Zinoviev and Martov: Head to Head in Halle

Head to Head in Halle

Ben Lewis & Lars T. Lih, Zinoviev and Martov: Head to Head in Halle (2011)

“We are on the field of battle. The audience in the hall is divided in two sections: it is as if a knife has cut them sharply in two. Two parties are present.”

Grigory Zinoviev’s description of the Halle congress of the Independent Social Democrats (USPD) in 1920 highlights the knife-edge on which the German workers’ movement was balanced. Would the USPD embrace the young Soviet government and the Communist International as part of the Moscow-led drive to strategically re-orientate the workers’ movement? Continue reading

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